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What is Dyspareunia?

Mississauga Pelvic Health

Dyspareunia is a term used to describe recurrent and persistent pain within the genital or pelvic area with sexual intercourse.

What are the Symptoms of Dyspareunia?

  • Pain during penetration which can range from mild to severe sharp pain
  • Superficial Pain – pain upon initial penetration
  • Deep Pain – pain or discomfort in the deeper areas of the pelvis during intercourse and throbbing pain may even persist hours after intercourse.
  • Pelvic pain – which certain activities may worsen.
  • Pelvic cramping and muscle spasms.
  • Anxiety and Emotional distress which can negatively impact a relationship

What are the Common Causes of Dyspareunia?

  • Vaginal dryness which could be from low estrogen, lack of foreplay, or medications like antihistamines and birth control pills
  • Vaginal Infections such as UTI, yeast infections, or sexually trasmitted infections
  • Injury to Genitals caused by accident or surgery
  • Endometriosis
  • Skin problems or allergies
  • Anxiety and Relationship conflict
  • Certain conditions like Vaginismus, Vulvodynia and Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Injury to the pelvic floor from child birth or post surgery
  • Depression and Anxiety

What are the Pelvic Physiotherapy treatments for Dyspareunia?

  • Strengthening exercises for weak or underactive muscles (kegel exercises)
  • Relaxation strategies for tensed muscles
  • Manual Therapy to release tension, improve mobility in the pelvic region, desensitize areas and normalize overactive muscles
  • Education and Lifestyle Modification
  • Biofeedback to help patients regain the focus of relaxation through the pelvic floor
  • Electrical stimulation to stimulate the muscles

How can I find a pelvic health physiotherapist near me?

We have 8 locations with pelvic health physiotherapists to help you.









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