What is Dyspareunia?
Dyspareunia is a term used to describe recurrent and persistent pain within the genital or pelvic area with sexual intercourse.
What are the Symptoms of Dyspareunia?
- Pain during penetration which can range from mild to severe sharp pain
- Superficial Pain – pain upon initial penetration
- Deep Pain – pain or discomfort in the deeper areas of the pelvis during intercourse and throbbing pain may even persist hours after intercourse.
- Pelvic pain – which certain activities may worsen.
- Pelvic cramping and muscle spasms.
- Anxiety and Emotional distress which can negatively impact a relationship
What are the Common Causes of Dyspareunia?
- Vaginal dryness which could be from low estrogen, lack of foreplay, or medications like antihistamines and birth control pills
- Vaginal Infections such as UTI, yeast infections, or sexually trasmitted infections
- Injury to Genitals caused by accident or surgery
- Skin problems or allergies
- Anxiety and Relationship conflict
- Certain conditions like Vaginismus, Vulvodynia and Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Injury to the pelvic floor from child birth or post surgery
- Depression and Anxiety
What are the Pelvic Physiotherapy treatments for Dyspareunia?
- Strengthening exercises for weak or underactive muscles (kegel exercises)
- Relaxation strategies for tensed muscles
- Manual Therapy to release tension, improve mobility in the pelvic region, desensitize areas and normalize overactive muscles
- Education and Lifestyle Modification
- Biofeedback to help patients regain the focus of relaxation through the pelvic floor
- Electrical stimulation to stimulate the muscles
How can I find a pelvic health physiotherapist near me?
We have 8 locations with pelvic health physiotherapists to help you.
Click here to book an appointment!