Flat Feet

Flat Feet

Flat feet which are also called pes planus is a common foot condition in which the arches of the foot are lower than normal resulting in this region of the foot coming closer to the ground. This can affect your walking and cause ankle instability.

Physiotherapist in Mississauga

Causes of Flat Feet

  • Genetics. You have more chances of developing flat feet if your  family has a history of flat feet
  • Weak muscles of the feet
  • Trauma  or injuries to the foot like fractures may cause you to develop flat feet
  • Pregnancy causes hormonal changes which can affect the ligaments and muscles in the body which may cause temporary flat feet
  • Age. Our tendons and ligaments in  lose elasticity and strength as we age which may contribute to developing flat feet
  • Certain medical conditions can such as different  forms  of arthritis and conditions like Ehlers-Danlos syndrome which can affect the connective tissue
  • Excessive weight can put additional strain on the feet and its supportive structures.

Symptoms of Flat feet

  • Pain on the arch of the foot or may extend over entire foot
  • Pain that worsens with activity such as prolonged walking and running
  • Swelling  along the inside of the  ankle and arch of the foot
  • Fatigue
  • Hip and leg pain caused by the altered mechanics of the foot which can lead to strain on the muscles of the lower extremities
  • Difficulty with certain physical activities and sports
  • Gait abnormalities may develop over time

Physiotherapy Treatment for Flat Feet

  • Strengthening and stretching exercises
  • Ice therapy for inflammation
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation or Interferential current for pain and inflammation
  • Recommendation for Orthotics to provide additional arch  support and evenly distribute pressure
  • Education.  The physiotherapist may provide advice on proper footwear selection and strategies to modify activities and minimize strain on the feet
  • Balance training
  • Gait analysis and training

If you think you might have flat feet, contact us to book an appointment with one of our Physiotherapists today!