Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS), also known as IT band syndrome or ITB syndrome, is a common overuse injury that affects the iliotibial band, a thick band of connective tissue that runs along the outside of the thigh. This condition is most frequently seen in runners and cyclists, but it can affect individuals involved in various sports and activities.
The ITB is a thick fibrous band that attaches to the outer portion of the knee, specifically at the lateral femoral condyle. It is an extension of the tensor fascia latae (TFL) muscle that originates at the hip.
Pain develops directly at the lateral femoral condyle due to inflammation of the ITB at this attachment point. This occurs due to repetitive overuse of the ITB, and can result in swelling and slight numbness in addition to the pain experienced. Aggravating factors of this condition include physical activity, usually in the form of running and cycling, and use of the knee in everyday activities, such as when going up and down stairs.
Factors that contribute to the development of this injury include:
- Long-distance running and cycling
- Knocked knees or bow-legged knees
- Previous injury to the knee joint
- Changes in training factors (e.g. increasing running distance, running in new shoes)
- Tightness in the TFL
- Weak gluteal muscles
IT Band Syndrome is a common overuse injury in the knee that is easily treatable with the help of a physiotherapist, chiropractor, and massage therapist. Book an appointment to see one of our experienced practitioners today!