Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition where the tibial nerve, which is responsible for the motion and sensory function of the bottom of the feet, is compressed within the tarsal tunnel.
Symptoms of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Pain which may be sharp and shooting and may be felt along the tibial nerve or the sole of the foot. It may radiate to the toes.
- Muscle weakness
- Swelling on the toes or foot
- Reduced range of motion
- Numbness or tingling like pins and needles in the foot or toes
- Burning sensation on the affected area
- Balance issues
- Gait problems
Causes of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Severely flat feet or fallen arches which can stretch the tibial nerve
- Bony growths or spurs in the tarsal tunnel
- Varicose veins
- Tumors or lipomas near the tibial nerve
- Trauma or injury to the ankle like a sprain
- Conditions like arthritis which can cause nerve compression
Physiotherapy Treatment for Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Stretching and Strengthening Exercises.
- Joint mobilization
- Ultrasound Therapy to help increase blood circulation and decrease inflammation
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) reduces pain by blocking pain signals and promoting the release of endorphins.
- Nerve gliding which is a gentle exercise that moves the nerves to help reduce symptoms.
- Strengthening and flexibility exercises
- Acupuncture for pain
- Balance and coordination Training
- Orthotics to provide support to the ankle
- Taping and bracing
- to position the foot properly and decrease stress on the tibial nerve.
- Education and instructions on footwear, and self-management strategies to help prevent aggravating the condition
If you have any type of foot pain, contact us to book an appointment with one of our Physiotherapists today!