A migraine is characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches accompanied by severe throbbing pain usually on one side of the head and other symptoms. This can last hours to days.

Common Symptoms of Migraine

  • Headache which are typically moderate to severe
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Auras which are temporary sensory disturbances like  such as seeing blind spots and flashing light
  • Fatigue
  • Light and Sound sensitivity
  • Difficulty in Concentrating or brain fog

Common Causes of Migraines

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Tobacco
  • Muscle imbalances
  • Previous neck trauma
  • Sleep issues
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Repetitive bending forwards or shoulders forward activities
  • Dehydration

Risk Factors for Migraines

  • Family History
  • Gender: it’s more common in  women than men which is mostly due to hormonal factors.
  • Age: Most common during adolescence and adulthood
  • Lifestyle factors such as dietary factors and lack of sleep
  • Stress

Physiotherapy Treatments for Migraines

  • Manual Therapy such as joint mobilizations, soft tissue release, and stretching to reduce tension and improve mobility.
  • Strengthening exercises for the weak neck and upper back muscles to provide better support for the spine
  • Stretching of the tight muscles
  • Postural Correction and home instructions
  • Lifestyle Modifications
  • Relaxation Techniques like deep breathing exercises for stress management

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