Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that occurs when one of the vertebrae slips forward and out of place over the one below it.
Symptoms of Spondylolisthesis
- Pain in the lower back and buttocks
- Muscle tightness and stiffness
- Numbness or tingling in the foot
- Pain that travels down the legs
- Pain that worsens with activity
- Pain and weakness in the leg
- Hamstring tightness
- Difficulty standing or walking
- Postural and gait changes
Spondylolisthesis is more common in people who relate to the following:
- Gymnasts and athletes who participate in high-impact sports like football
- Individuals who were born with vertebrae who are prone to slipping and breaking
- Older individuals and those who have degenerative spinal conditions
Causes of Spondylolisthesis
- Congenital spondylolisthesis: The defect is present at birth.
- Isthmic spondylolisthesis: This is caused by a fracture called spondylolysis in the pars interarticularis.
- Degenerative spondylolisthesis: This type of spondylolisthesis mostly occurs in older individuals as a result of degenerative changes in the spine and loss of water in the disc leading to slippage of the vertebrae.
- Post-surgical spondylolisthesis. This is a result of spinal surgery.
- Traumatic spondylolisthesis. This is the result of injury or trauma such as falls or car accidents.
- Pathological spondylolisthesis. This is caused by other diseases of the bone like osteoporosis or cancer.
Physiotherapy Treatments for Spondylolisthesis
The physiotherapists will ensure a comprehensive approach to help manage symptoms and enhance functional abilities.
They may use modalities to help pain such as Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS), Interferential Current (IFC), ultrasound, and heat therapy. Additionally, they will provide education on proper posture and body mechanics as well as create a customized exercise program which is essential for managing Spondylolisthesis.
If you have any type of back pain, contact us to book an appointment with one of our Physiotherapists today!