Knee Pain // Category

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27 Mar

Golf is known for its emphasis on skill, strategy, and etiquette, and it is enjoyed by millions of people worldwide. Apart from the swing, optimal golf performance involves perfect coordination between physical fitness, technique, and mental focus. Physiotherapy is increasingly used by golfers to enhance their game, to optimize golf performance.

What are the key physical attributes essential to a good golf game?

  • Core Strength and Stability for Swing Power
  • Spine and Cervical Rotation for Swing Rotation
  • Wrist and Forearm Mobility for Control
  • Lower Body Mobility for Distance
  • Pelvic Tilt for Power and Control
  • Single Leg Balance for Stability

What are the most common golf injuries?

The most common Golf injuries are:


Tendinitis is caused by overuse or repetitive movements, especially during activities such as sports, gardening, or typing, notably in elbows (tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow) and wrists. The symptoms are: aching, tenderness, and swelling around the affected joint during and after play.

How to prevent tendinitis:

  • Warm-up and cool-down: stretch before and after each round.
  • Proper form: Ensure that you use proper technique and form. Improper technique can put excessive stress on tendons and increase the risk of tendinitis.
  • Listen to your body: Pay attention to any signs of discomfort or pain during physical activity. If you experience persistent pain or discomfort in a tendon, stop the activity and rest. Continuing to push through pain can exacerbate the injury and lead to more severe problems.

Shoulder Injuries:

Shoulder injuries related to golfing are relatively common, particularly among avid golfers or those who engage in the sport frequently without proper technique or conditioning. The golf swing involves complex movements that can place stress on various parts of the body, including the shoulders.

How to prevent shoulder injuries:

  • Warm-up: perform a thorough warm-up routine that includes dynamic stretches and exercises to prepare your muscles and joints for the golf swing.
  • Maintain good posture: PWork with a golf instructor to ensure that your golf swing technique is sound and biomechanically efficient. Proper swing mechanics can help reduce stress on the shoulders and decrease the risk of injury. Pay attention to your posture, grip, and rotation throughout the swing.
  • Gradual progression: Pace yourself during your round of golf and avoid swinging too forcefully, especially if you’re fatigued.

Back Pain:

The repetitive motion of the golf swing, combined with the rotational forces generated by the movement, can place stress on the muscles, ligaments, and joints of the back, leading to discomfort or injury. The symptoms are: Aching, stiffness, or sharp pain in the lower back, sometimes radiating down the legs.

How to prevent back injuries:

  • Core strengthening exercises
  • Posture: Avoid excessive rounding or arching during swings.
  • Proper lifting techniques: Avoid bending from the back during activities.

Knee Problems:

Knee problems are caused by pivoting motions and uneven terrain stress knees, causing tendonitis, patellar instability, and arthritis. The symptoms are:

  • Symptoms: Knee pain, swelling, and stiffness, especially during weight-bearing activities.

How to prevent knee problems:

  • Strengthening exercises: Target hamstrings, quads, and calves for knee stability.
  • Proper footwear: Select supportive shoes with good traction for uneven surfaces.
  • Warm-up and cool down: Prepare knee joints before play and stretch after the game.

How do I prevent golf injuries?

Seeing a physiotherapist before golfing season is highly recommended. Your physiotherapist will help you with:

  • Strengthening: Strengthen core, shoulder, and leg muscles with planks, lunges, and rotator cuff exercises. A strong foundation makes your body resilient to swing demands.
  • Flexibility: Maintain spine, hip, and shoulder range of motion for a smoother swing. Incorporate gentle stretches and yoga poses to reduce muscle strains.
  • Balance and Proprioception: Improve balance and body awareness with single-leg stances and wobble board exercises. Prevent awkward falls on the course.

How do I book an appointment with a Physiotherapist near me?

Click HERE to book an appointment with a physiotherapist or chiropractor at one of our eight locations.

12 Feb

What is the ACL?

The ACL, or Anterior Cruciate Ligament, is one of the four major ligaments in the knee joint. It is located in the center of the knee and runs diagonally, connecting the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). Its primary function is to prevent excessive forward movement of the tibia relative to the femur and control rotational movements of the knee.

What is an ACL Injury?

Injuries to the ACL are relatively common, often occurring during sports activities that involve sudden stops, changes in direction, or direct impact on the knee. ACL injuries can range from mild sprains to complete tears. When the ACL is torn, it can lead to instability in the knee, difficulty with weight-bearing, and a decreased ability to perform certain activities.

Consulting with a physiotherapist at Physiotherapy Oakville is crucial for recovery, as scientific research has shown that structured physiotherapy programs significantly improve outcomes for ACL injuries. These programs focus on strengthening the muscles around the knee, improving flexibility, and restoring stability. By joining Physiotherapy Oakville, you can benefit from evidence-based treatments and personalized exercise plans that enhance your recovery process, reduce the risk of further injury, and help you return to your normal activities with confidence.

What are the symptoms of an ACL injury?

Common symptoms of an ACL injury include:

  1. Pain: Individuals with an ACL injury often experience pain in the knee. The intensity of the pain can vary based on the severity of the injury.
  2. Swelling: Swelling typically occurs within a few hours of the injury and may be accompanied by a feeling of tightness or fullness in the knee.
  3. Instability: A sense of instability or a feeling that the knee is “giving way” is a common symptom. This instability may be particularly noticeable during activities that involve cutting, pivoting, or sudden changes in direction.
  4. Loss of Range of Motion: The injured knee may have a reduced range of motion, and it may be challenging to fully straighten or bend the knee.
  5. Audible “Pop” Sound: Some people report hearing or feeling a “pop” at the time of the injury. However, not everyone experiences this sensation.
  6. Difficulty Weight-bearing: Walking or putting weight on the affected leg may be difficult, especially immediately after the injury.

Can Physiotherapy help with an ACL Injury?

Yes, physiotherapy is a crucial component of the rehabilitation process for individuals with an ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) injury, particularly those who undergo surgical intervention such as ACL reconstruction. Physiotherapy aims to address pain, swelling, muscle weakness, and joint instability while helping individuals regain normal function and return to their usual activities.

Here are some ways in which physiotherapy can help with an ACL injury:

  1. Post-operative Rehabilitation: After ACL reconstruction surgery, physiotherapy plays a vital role in the postoperative rehabilitation process. The early phases focus on managing pain and swelling, restoring range of motion, and preventing muscle atrophy.
  2. Strengthening Exercises: Physiotherapists prescribe specific exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knee, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles. Strengthening these muscles helps provide stability to the knee joint.
  3. Balance and Proprioception Training: ACL injuries can affect balance and proprioception (awareness of joint position). Physiotherapy incorporates exercises to improve balance and proprioception, reducing the risk of future injuries and enhancing overall joint stability.
  4. Range of Motion Exercises: Physiotherapists guide patients through a series of exercises to regain and maintain a normal range of motion in the knee. This is important for preventing stiffness and improving functional mobility.
  5. Functional Training: As the rehabilitation progresses, physiotherapy includes functional activities and sport-specific exercises to help individuals return to their normal activities or sports safely.
  6. Education and Home Exercise Programs: Physiotherapists educate patients about their condition, recovery process, and strategies for preventing future injuries. They often provide home exercise programs to continue rehabilitation between sessions.
  7. Gradual Return to Sports: For individuals aiming to return to sports or high-demand activities, physiotherapy guides a gradual progression of exercises to ensure a safe and effective return, taking into account factors like strength, agility, and neuromuscular control.

How do I book an appointment with a Physiotherapist near me?

Click HERE to book an appointment with a physiotherapist or chiropractor at one of our eight locations.

24 Jan

Winter weather can be challenging for individuals with arthritis, as cold temperatures and changes in atmospheric pressure can exacerbate joint pain and stiffness. Here are 10 tips to help manage arthritis during the winter months:

  1. Stay Warm:
    • Start your day by using a heating pad or a warm bath or shower to increase the mobility in your joints and reduce pain before you go about your day.
    • Dress in layers to trap heat and stay warm.
    • Use heated blankets or warm packs on achy joints.
  2. Protect Your Joints:
    • Wear gloves to keep your hands warm and protect your finger joints.
    • Use knee-high socks and warm footwear to keep your feet and ankles insulated.
  3. Stay Active:
    • Engage in gentle exercises to keep your joints flexible.
    • Consider indoor activities like swimming, which is easy on the joints.
  4. Maintain a Healthy Weight:
    • Excess weight can put more pressure on your joints, so try to maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.
  5. Stay Hydrated:
    • Cold weather can lead to dehydration, which may worsen arthritis symptoms. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
  6. Use Assistive Devices:
    • Consider using assistive devices such as canes or braces to reduce the strain on affected joints.
  7. Manage Stress:
    • Stress can exacerbate arthritis symptoms. Practice stress-reducing techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga.
  8. Warm Up Before Activities:
    • Before heading outdoors, warm up your body with gentle stretching exercises to prepare your joints for movement.
  9. Take Warm Baths:
    • Soaking in a warm bath can help soothe joint pain and relax your muscles.
  10. Consult Your Doctor:
    • Keep your healthcare provider informed about changes in your symptoms and discuss any concerns you have about managing arthritis in the winter.
Arthritis Physiotherapy Mississauga

Remember, it’s essential to tailor these tips to your specific situation, as arthritis can affect individuals differently. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and treatment options.

How do I book an appointment with a Physiotherapist near me?

Click HERE to book an appointment with a physiotherapist or chiropractor at one of our eight locations.

17 Jan

Running in the winter can be a great way to stay active, but it does require some adjustments to ensure safety and comfort in cold and potentially icy conditions.

Here are some tips for running in the winter:

1. Dress in Layers:

  • Base Layer: Moisture-wicking fabric to keep sweat away from your skin.
  • Insulating Layer: A warm layer to retain body heat. This can be fleece or a synthetic insulating material.
  • Outer Layer: A waterproof and windproof jacket to protect against the elements.

2. Protect Extremities:

  • Head: Wear a hat or headband to retain heat. A beanie that covers your ears can be especially helpful.
  • Hands: Use insulated, waterproof gloves or mittens.
  • Feet: Wear moisture-wicking socks and consider using gaiters to keep snow out of your shoes.

3. Choose the Right Footwear:

  • Opt for running shoes with good traction to prevent slipping on ice or snow.
  • You can also use traction devices that slip over your shoes for added grip.

4. Stay Visible:

  • Winter days are often darker, so wear reflective gear or bright colors to ensure you’re visible to drivers.

5. Warm-Up Inside:

  • Warm up your muscles indoors before heading out to minimize the shock of the cold on your body.

6. Plan Your Route:

  • Stick to well-lit, well-traveled paths to ensure your safety.
  • Avoid areas with heavy snow or ice accumulation.

7. Hydrate:

  • Even in cold weather, it’s important to stay hydrated. Cold air can be dry, and you can still lose fluids through sweat.

8. Adjust Your Pace:

  • Cold air can make breathing more challenging, so adjust your pace accordingly.

9. Listen to Your Body:

  • If conditions are extreme, consider shortening your run or opting for an indoor workout.

10. Post-Run Care:

  • Change out of wet clothes quickly to avoid getting chilled.
  • Warm up gradually, and consider a hot shower to raise your body temperature.

11. Be Cautious of Ice:

  • Watch for icy patches and adjust your stride to reduce the risk of slipping.
  • If conditions are icy, consider using traction devices for your shoes.

12. Stay Informed About the Weather:

  • Check the weather forecast before heading out, and be aware of changing conditions.

By following these tips, you can make your winter runs more enjoyable and safer. Always prioritize safety and listen to your body, adjusting your routine as needed based on the conditions.

Physiotherapy Toronto

How do I book an appointment for a Running Assessment near me?

Click HERE to book an appointment with a physiotherapist or chiropractor at one of our eight locations.

10 Jan

Winter is here and the snow is around the corner. The season for skiing is upon us. Whether you are a novice skier or experienced in the sport, there is always a possibility of an injury. This article talks about common skiing injuries and how you can recover from them.

Skiing Injury treatment

What are some common snow sports injuries?

Some common injuries sustained during skiing are:


  • Concussion 
  • Traumatic brain injury 

Neck & Shoulders

  • Whiplash
  • Fracture
  • Torn rotator cuff
  • Shoulder dislocation

Back & Spine

  • Herniated disks 
  • Lower back pain


  • Skier’s thumb
  • Wrist sprain
  • Finger fracture

Knees & Legs

  • ACL/PCL rupture
  • Meniscus injury
  • Fracture

How can I protect my knees while skiing?

Using properly adjusted bindings, maintaining proper ski technique, and conditioning exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knee can help protect against knee injuries.

What is “snowboarder’s fracture”?

Snowboarder’s fracture refers to a fracture of the lateral process of the talus bone in the ankle, usually caused by an inversion injury when landing from a jump.

Are head injuries common in skiing?

Head injuries can occur in skiing, especially in the absence of helmets. Wearing a properly fitted helmet significantly reduces the risk of head injuries.

How do I know if I have a concussion from skiing?

Symptoms of a concussion may include headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion, sensitivity to light, and memory problems. If you suspect a concussion, it’s crucial to seek medical attention.

What do I do after I get injured while skiing?

No matter how minor the injury, it is advisable to seek a doctor or physiotherapist’s advice to make sure it does not get worse. A physiotherapist can assess the extent of your injury. Follow their advice and recommendations for treatment.

When should I seek medical help for a ski injury?

Seek medical help if you experience severe pain, swelling, inability to bear weight, persistent joint instability, or any symptoms of a head injury or concussion. It’s essential not to ignore potentially serious injuries.

How do I book an appointment with a physiotherapist near me?

Click HERE to book an appointment with a physiotherapist or chiropractor at one of our eight locations.

31 Jul

Gardening is a favourite activity for many people as the summer season arrives. As healthcare professionals, we understand the importance of gardening in promoting physical health and well-being.

Physiotherapy Mississauga

Here are some gardening tips to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience:

  1. Warm-Up Exercises: Treat gardening as a physical activity and warm up before starting. Perform gentle stretches for your back, shoulders, and legs to prepare your muscles for the tasks ahead.
  2. Maintain Good Posture: Pay attention to your posture while gardening. Bend from your knees and hips, not your back, to avoid strain. Avoid prolonged periods of bending or kneeling; take breaks and change positions frequently.
  3. Use Proper Lifting Techniques: When lifting heavy objects like bags of soil or pots, bend your knees, keep the object close to your body, and lift with your legs, not your back. Avoid sudden twisting movements.
  4. Choose Ergonomic Tools: Invest in high-quality, ergonomic gardening tools that reduce strain on your joints and muscles. Look for tools with padded handles and adjustable lengths.
  5. Start Slowly: If you’re new to gardening or haven’t done it in a while, start with lighter tasks and gradually increase your gardening time and intensity to build endurance and strength.
  6. Alternate Activities: Vary your gardening tasks to avoid overusing specific muscles. Switch between planting, weeding, and watering to distribute the workload.
  7. Garden at Waist Height: If possible, create raised garden beds or use elevated planters to reduce the need for bending and kneeling.
  8. Use Knee Pads or Cushions: Protect your knees by using knee pads or cushions when kneeling on the ground.
  9. Stay Hydrated: Gardening can be physically demanding, so remember to drink water regularly to stay hydrated, especially on hot days.
  10. Take Breaks: Listen to your body and take breaks as needed. Use your break time to stretch and relax.
  11. Ask for Help: If a task seems too challenging or requires heavy lifting, don’t hesitate to ask for assistance from family members or friends.
  12. Cool Down and Stretch: After gardening, take a few minutes to cool down and stretch your muscles to prevent stiffness and promote flexibility.

What are some common gardening postures that can lead to discomfort or injury?

Several gardening postures can lead to discomfort or injury if not done with proper form and technique. Some common ones include:

  1. Bending from the Waist
  2. Kneeling on Hard Surfaces
  3. Repetitive Twisting
  4. Overreaching
  5. Incorrect Lifting

How can I avoid discomfort while gardening?

To avoid discomfort while gardening, consider the following tips:

  1. Use Proper Posture
  2. Take Breaks
  3. Use Knee Pads or a Kneeler
  4. Alternate Tasks
  5. Garden at Waist Height
  6. Use Ergonomic Tools
  7. Lift Properly
  8. Stretch Before and After

Can gardening worsen pre-existing musculoskeletal conditions?

Yes, gardening can exacerbate pre-existing musculoskeletal conditions if proper precautions are not taken. People with conditions like osteoarthritis, back pain, or joint issues may be more susceptible to discomfort or injury while gardening. However, with proper body mechanics, adaptive tools, and awareness of limitations, gardening can still be enjoyed safely. It’s essential for individuals with pre-existing conditions to consult their physiotherapist or chiropractor before engaging in gardening to get personalized recommendations and precautions.

I often experience neck and shoulder pain after a day of gardening. How can I prevent this discomfort?

Neck and shoulder pain after gardening can result from poor posture and overuse of certain muscles. Here’s how to prevent discomfort:

  1. Maintain Proper Posture: Keep your head aligned with your spine and avoid prolonged forward head posture while working in the garden.
  2. Avoid Overreaching: Use gardening tools with extended handles to reduce strain on your shoulders. Avoid overreaching when pruning or planting.
  3. Take Frequent Breaks: Schedule regular breaks during gardening to rest your neck and shoulder muscles.
  4. Incorporate Shoulder Exercises: Perform shoulder-strengthening exercises recommended by a physiotherapist to improve muscle endurance and stability.
  5. Warm-Up Before Gardening: Engage in light shoulder and neck stretches to prepare your muscles for gardening tasks.
  6. Use Proper Lifting Techniques: Lift objects close to your body and use your leg muscles to minimize strain on your neck and shoulders.
  7. Ice and Heat Therapy: Apply ice to sore areas after gardening to reduce inflammation, and use heat packs to relax tense muscles.

Can gardening worsen my existing back condition? Can physiotherapy help?

Gardening can potentially worsen existing back conditions if proper precautions are not taken. Physiotherapy can certainly help to alleviate back pain and prevent it from affecting your gardening game. Individuals with back issues should consider the following:

  1. Consult a Physiotherapist: Seek advice from a physiotherapist to assess your back condition and receive personalized recommendations for gardening.
  2. Avoid Heavy Lifting: Refrain from lifting heavy objects that could strain your back. Use lightweight containers and gardening tools.
  3. Choose Low-Impact Tasks: Opt for low-impact gardening activities such as container gardening or raised beds to minimize strain on your back.
  4. Use Assistive Devices: Consider using gardening tools with ergonomic designs or assistive devices to reduce stress on your back.
  5. Pace Yourself: Take frequent breaks and limit the duration of gardening sessions to avoid overexertion.
  6. Engage in Back Exercises: Perform back-strengthening exercises prescribed by your physiotherapist to improve the stability and flexibility of your spine.

How do I book an appointment at a Physiotherapy Clinic near me?

Click HERE to book an appointment with a physiotherapist or chiropractor at one of our eight locations.